When you want to go fishing, you will do well to equip yourself with the particular fishing tackle and gear, which suits the type of fishing that you want to do. You would need a fishing rig, which is basically the way you tie bait, lures and a hook with which you attract and catch fish.
Rigs will also include dodgers and flashers to attract fish, while you will need bobbers to suspend bait and also act as a visual indicator of where your fish are biting. They will also need to have sinkers to carry your bait down, leaders to connect your lure to your fishing line, and swivels to keep your line from twisting and tangling.
A jig is a type of fishing lure and will generally be a lead sinker which has a hook molded to it, and may be camouflaged with a soft body that attracts the fish. Jigs are meant to create vertical motion, as opposed to spinner baits which move the bait horizontally through water. Jigs are also weighted by the use of tungsten, which is considered to be environmentally friendly as compared to lead, and is also heavier. Jigs come in many designs and a wide variety of shapes, and colors. Weights vary depending on the type of fishing which can vary from 1/100th of an ounce to two ounces, though for inland fishing you will find weights from 1/64th of an ounce to ¾ ounce.
Jig hooks can have various lengths of shanks, depending on the bait being used. Wire diameter for the hooks can also vary depending on the fish and the terrain that you are fishing in. Jigs can have collars, while jig heads can come in many colors. The weight of the jig depends on the depth of water you are fishing and the type of fish that mainly inhabit those waters. Jigs should be able to reach the desired depth slowly, as fish are turned off by baits that sink rapidly. A general rule is to use an eight of an ounce for every ten feet of water. When there is a fast current you may need heavier weights to allow the hook, bait and jig to sink, while strong winds can also affect the sinking of jigs. Jigs are often dressed with feather, hair, and are intended to replicate the forage of the fish. At times they may have soft plastic bodies that imitate live bait. It is not uncommon for fishermen to use real live bait on their hooks, especially for bigger fish in the ocean.
Fishing rigs do not have to be complicated, and most of us do remember how we went fishing in ponds with just the branch of a tree and a fishing line made from any string to which we attached a hook, and live bait using earthworms from the garden. As fishing has developed as a hobby, fishing rigs are now specifically tailored to suit the fish being caught, the water in which the fishing is done, and even the place from where it is done.
Still fishing rigs are meant for use from a pier, a bridge, an anchored boat, or form the banks. A bobber helps you to know when the fish have taken the bait. Rigs meant for moving boats will be drift fishing rigs. A sliding sinker rig will allow the sinker to rest on the bottom, while the lure or bait is suspended above. Fish then do not feel the weight of the sinker, and are more inclined to hold on to the bait, and get hooked. Immaterial of the rig being used, fishing requires a lot of patience and perseverance, and a need to wait for the fish to bite.
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